Glossary: Definitions Of Terms

There are many new terms and acronyms you may hear. Here are some of the most common ones.

Accommodations:

Changes in the classroom or test environment to give a student with a disability a fair chance to participate.

Examples: 

  • a specific desk placement or private room

  • equipment to help reduce distraction (like headphones)

  • more time to take tests

  • audio or video supports

Act 833:

A law that allows a student to use different methods of showing what they learned in a course besides the EOC test. The IEP team decides on different assessment criteria. Examples: an interview or portfolio instead of a written test.

ACT (American College Testing):

A standardized test students take in junior or senior year that they may need to apply to college.

Alternate Assessment (also called LEAP Connect and used to be called LAA1):

This is a different version of Louisiana’s standardized grade-level tests. It’s for students with significant disabilities who are unable to take the regular tests. They can still get a diploma, but their transcript will reflect the alternate assessment status.

Carnegie Credit or Unit:

A student needs a certain number of Carnegie Credits in order to graduate. This means they must pass courses with the required number of Carnegie Units. One Carnegie Unit means that there has been 120 hours of class time in a certain course.  This is usually the same as a full year course, but not always.

Cognitive or Intellectual Disability

Intellectual or cognitive refers to how someone's mind works. This kind of disability means that a person has limited mental capacity. They may have trouble thinking, learning and communicating, or taking care of their own daily needs. This can be mild or severe.

Credential/Certification (also called Industry Based Credential or IBC):

A certificate that shows you you have learned the skills needed for a specific type of job.

EOCs:

End of Course Tests. A student must pass these to get credit for each course they take in high school. They must pass a certain number to get their diploma. Louisiana is starting to phase these out in favor of LEAP 2025 assessments. There are now EOCs only for English III and Biology.

LEAP 2025:

LEAP stands for Louisiana Educational Assessment Program. These are standardized state tests that measure how well a student has learned the course content for a certain subject. The state is phasing these in and replacing the EOC tests. There are LEAP 2025 tests for these subjects: English I, English II, Algebra 1, Geometry, US History and Biology.

LEAP Connect (also called Alternate Assessment and used to be called LAA1):

This is a different version of Louisiana’s standardized grade-level tests. It’s for students with significant disabilities who are unable to take the regular tests. They can still get a diploma, but their transcript will reflect the alternate assessment status.

Graduation Pathway:

Louisiana has two different ways to get a high school diploma: TOPS University, which prepares studentsfor a 4-year college, or Jump Start, which includes technical skills for a certain career. Each pathway has its own set of requirements.

IBC or Industry Based Credential:

A certificate that shows you you have learned the skills neded for a specific type of job.

Individual Graduation Plan (IGP):

A plan that describes a student's path through high school. It includes what courses they will take and how the teachers will asses their performance. The IEP team will work together to create this plan.

Intellectual or Cognitive Disability:

Intellectual or cognitive refers to how someone's mind works. This kind of disability means that a person has limited mental capacity. They may have trouble thinking, learning and communicating, or taking care of their own daily needs. This can be mild or severe.

Jumpstart (also called TOPS Tech):

Prepares students for a technical or community college AND trains them for a specific career.

Students will get a diploma and a"Credential" for a certain type of job.

SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test):

A standardized test students take in junior or senior year that they may need to apply to college.

Standardized:

A test that is the same for all students. It is not specific for a certain course but tests general academic skills.

TOPS University:

This is the traditional high school pathway. It prepares a student to go to a 4-year college.

TOPS Tech (also called Jump Start):

Prepares students for a technical or community college AND trains them for a specific career.

Students will get a diploma and a"Credential" for a certain type of job.

Tutorship or Conservatorship:

A formal legal permission for a parent or guardian to make decisions for a child when they turn 18. You can start this process when a child is 15 if they have an intellectual disability.

WorkKeys:

A career readiness test for students in the Jump Start pathway. Students may take this instead of the ACT.

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